How to Fix Garage Door Spring: A Step-by-Step Guide for Homeowners

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When it comes to the smooth functioning of your garage door, the role of garage door springs cannot be overstated. These essential components bear the weight of the door and ensure its proper operation. However, like any mechanical part, garage door springs can break or malfunction over time. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the process of fixing a garage door spring, saving you time and money on professional repairs.

Understanding Garage Door Springs

Types of Garage Door Springs

Before diving into the repair process, it’s crucial to understand the two main types of garage door springs: torsion springs and extension springs. Torsion springs are typically mounted above the garage door, while extension springs are located on either side of the door.

How Do Garage Door Springs Work?

To comprehend how to fix a garage door spring, it’s essential to grasp their functioning. Garage door springs store energy when the door is closed and release it to lift the door when opened. This counterbalance mechanism ensures smooth and effortless door movements.

Signs of a Broken Garage Door Spring

Identifying a broken garage door spring is vital for timely repairs. Some common signs include the door being difficult to open or close, sagging in the middle, or uneven movements. If you notice any of these indications, it’s likely that your garage door spring needs attention.

Safety Precautions

Before embarking on any repair work, it’s crucial to prioritize safety. Garage door springs are under high tension and can cause severe injuries if mishandled. Follow these safety precautions to protect yourself during the repair process:

  1. Use Safety Equipment: Wear safety goggles, gloves, and sturdy footwear to protect yourself from any potential accidents.
  2. Release Tension: Before working on the springs, release the tension by disconnecting the garage door opener and manually lifting the door.
  3. Secure the Door: Use c-clamps or locking pliers to secure the door in place, preventing any unexpected movements.
  4. Work with a Partner: Enlist the help of a friend or family member to assist you during the repair process, ensuring additional safety and support.
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Step-by-Step Guide on How to Fix Garage Door Spring

Now that we’ve covered the basics, let’s dive into the step-by-step process of fixing a garage door spring. Follow these instructions carefully to ensure a successful repair:

Step 1: Gather Necessary Tools and Materials

Before starting the repair, gather all the required tools and materials. This includes replacement springs, winding bars, a socket wrench, pliers, and safety equipment. Having everything on hand will streamline the repair process.

Step 2: Determine the Type of Spring System

Identify whether you have a torsion spring system or an extension spring system. This determination will impact the specific repair steps you need to follow. Refer to your garage door’s manual or consult a professional if you’re unsure about the spring system type.

Step 3: Release Tension from the Spring

For torsion spring systems, it’s crucial to release the tension before attempting any repairs. This can be achieved by inserting winding bars into the winding cone and gradually releasing the tension. Be cautious during this step, as the springs can be dangerous if mishandled.

Step 4: Remove the Broken Spring

With the tension released, carefully remove the broken spring from its mounting brackets. Take note of its orientation and positioning as you will need to install the replacement spring in the same manner.

Step 5: Install the New Spring

Following the manufacturer’s instructions, install the new spring in the same position as the old one. Ensure it is securely fastened in the mounting brackets and properly aligned with the door.

Step 6: Test the Functionality of the Garage Door

Once the new spring is in place, slowly and cautiously test the functionality of the garage door. Open and close it a few times to ensure smooth movements and proper balance. If everything seems to be working correctly, you have successfully fixed your garage door spring!

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Can I fix a garage door spring on my own?

While it is possible to fix a garage door spring on your own, it is essential to prioritize safety. If you are unsure about your abilities or lack the necessary tools, it is advisable to seek professional assistance.

How often do garage door springs need to be replaced?

On average, garage door springs have a lifespan of about 7-9 years. However, this can vary depending on factors such as usage frequency and environmental conditions. Regular maintenance and inspections can help identify signs of wear and tear, allowing for timely replacements.

Are there any alternatives to fixing a broken garage door spring?

If you are uncomfortable with DIY repairs or lack the necessary tools and expertise, it is best to hire a professional garage door technician for the job. They have the experience and knowledge to handle the repair safely and efficiently.

Can I use a different type of spring for my garage door?

It is essential to use the correct type and specifications of springs recommended by the manufacturer for your specific garage door model. Using the wrong type of spring can compromise the door’s balance and potentially lead to further damage.

How much does it cost to fix a garage door spring?

The cost of fixing a garage door spring can vary depending on factors such as the type of spring, labor costs, and any additional repairs required. On average, homeowners can expect to spend between $150 to $300 for professional garage door spring repairs.

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Are there any preventive measures to avoid garage door spring issues?

Regular maintenance is key to preventing garage door spring issues. Lubricate the springs and other moving parts regularly, check for signs of wear and tear, and schedule professional inspections to catch any potential problems early on.


Fixing a garage door spring may seem daunting, but with the right knowledge and precautions, it can be successfully accomplished by homeowners. By following our step-by-step guide and prioritizing safety, you can save both time and money on professional repairs. Remember to always consult your garage door’s manual and, when in doubt, seek professional assistance to ensure the longevity and proper functioning of your garage door.

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